Abnormal cell growth can lead to numerous conditions, some of which are cancerous and precancerous. These conditions can be scary to be diagnosed with but can be treated if caught early.
One type of precancerous abnormal cell growth leads to a condition known as cervical dysplasia. Here is some information about the disease, its causes, symptoms, and more.
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What is cervical dysplasia?
The location most affected is the region between the uterus and vagina. This condition can affect women of any age but is most common for women under the age of 30 who are sexually active and are associated with HPV infections.
If caught early and treated with follow-ups, this condition is easy to treat and not dangerous. If left untreated, it can deteriorate into cervical cancer.
What are the causes of cervical dysplasia?
- ● Sexual intercourse leading to an HPV infection, specifically HPV-16 or HPV-18
- ● HIV and Aids can also cause the development of cervical dysplasia
- ● Immunosuppressant drugs used after organ transplants can cause this condition too
- ● Genetics can play a part in this condition
- ● Any form of skin to skin contact with another infected person can lead to HPV and cervical dysplasia, including shaking hands.
What are the symptoms of cervical dysplasia?
How is cervical dysplasia diagnosed?
If you have a family history of cervical cancer or cervical dysplasia, it is recommended that you get pap-smear tests every three months.
Another test a doctor may perform is an endocervical curettage. This test is done to check for any abnormal cells in the cervix.
If abnormal cells are detected in the cervix, a colposcopy will be done to magnify the cells. Samples will be taken for biopsies for a more accurate diagnosis.
Other tests include an HPV-DNA test to identify the type of HPV infection in place, a LEEP (Loop electrosurgical excision procedure) is performed to do a cone biopsy of the abnormal cell.
What are the treatment options for cervical dysplasia?
- ● The mildest form of the condition does not require any treatment or medication and can subside by itself. However, it must carefully be monitored.
- ● If a case of mild cervical dysplasia does not subside within 2 years, doctors may opt for a surgical approach.
- ● If the condition persists for more than 2 years or has progressed to moderate or severe cervical dysplasia, doctors will opt for a LEEP and cone biopsy as treatment options rather than diagnostic options.
- ● If the two milder options (LEEP and cone biopsy) are not viable, doctors will opt for a cryosurgery procedurewhich involves freezing the cells of the growth and removing them.
- ● Another surgical option is a procedure known as electrocauterization.
- ● The final option for doctors would be to perform laser surgery.
What are the Risks of Surgery in Cervical dysplasia?
It is because the rate of success for the surgery in these situations drops significantly or can lead to fatal outcomes during the procedure. Minor risks of the surgery include:
- ● Pain or infections
- ● Discomfort in the regions the surgery was performed
- ● Scarring
It is also essential to follow your doctor’s treatment plan. In case a surgery has been performed, you must follow the post-surgical advice given by your medical team. Cervical dysplasia is not dangerous if caught early, and those who are affected by it can recover completely.
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Is HPV and Cervical Dysplasia the Same Disease?
No, while HPV cells are the most common cause of Cervical Dysplasia, they are both different conditions.
Is Lifelong Abstinence the Only Option to Stop the Spread of HPV?
Does Cervical Dysplasia Affect Older Women More than Younger Ones?
Is Cervical Dysplasia the Same as Cervical Cancer?
Does a Hysterectomy Cause Cervical Dysplasia?
Are Surgeries for HPV and Cervical Dysplasia Invasive?
Yes, doctors usually treat surgeries for Cervical Dysplasia as a last resort as all surgical options for this condition can lead to heavy bleeding and are considered invasive.