A Double Uterus is a rare congenital abnormality that occurs when a female child is in her mother’s womb. Under normal circumstances, a uterus starts to grow as two tiny tubes known as Mullerian ducts. Later the Mullerian ducts join to form the uterus. But in some rare cases, the Mullerian ducts do not join and form two separate uteri. In some cases, there is one cervix or opening for both uteri, whereas each uterus will have its cervix or opening. You may ask the question of whether it is possible for women with a double uterus to conceive? Yes, it is possible for women with a Double Uterus to conceive, but the chances of a miscarriage or premature birth are more. A Double Uterus is also known as a didelphic uterus.
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What are the causes of Double Uterus?
What are the symptoms of Double Uterus?
- ● You may experience pain or pressure in the lower abdominal area during or before a menstrual period.
- ● You may bleed during menstruation despite using a tampon. This is because you may have inserted the tampon in one uterus, but the other might be bleeding.
- ● Repeated miscarriages or a premature birth can also be symptoms of a Double Uterus.
- ● Excessive bleeding during menstruation.
- ● Pain while having intercourse.
How is Double Uterus diagnosed?
- ● Ultrasonography: In ultrasonography, high-frequency waves are used to create images of any internal organs of your body. To see the images, a transducer is either inserted in your vagina or pressed against the skin to get images of the internal organs. Your doctor might also suggest a 3D ultrasonography to get a better view.
- ● Sonohysterogram:This is an advanced version of ultrasound. Your doctor will first insert fluid into your vagina through a thin tube to get a clearer view. This makes the ultrasound images clearer for the doctor to view.
- ● Hysterosalpingography (HSG):Your doctor conducts this test to get x-ray images of your reproductive system. During this test, a special dye is inserted into your uterus. When the dye travels through your reproductive organs, your doctor will receive x-ray images, which will help to determine whether you have a Double Uterus.
- ● Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI):MRI is a painless examination. You need to lie on the MRI table, and images of the inside of your body will be taken using a magnetic field and radio waves.
How is Diaphragmatic Hernia treated?
In the case of a congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia, the doctor will perform surgery within 48 to 72 hours of childbirth. But before the surgery, it is necessary to stabilize the child to increase the oxygen levels. The doctors use various kinds of medicines and techniques to stabilise the baby and increase his oxygen levels to help him breathe. Babies suffering from congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia are kept in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) where they get highly specialised treatment. When the baby is stable, the doctors decide upon a surgery.
In the case of patients with an acquired Diaphragmatic Hernia, the patient is first made stable with oxygen and medicines. The patients of acquired diaphragmatic hernia are mostly the ones who have suffered an injury. Therefore, they may be suffering from other complications like internal bleeding. In such cases, the doctor will conduct surgery as soon as possible.
What are the Risks Associated with Double Uterus treatments?
- ● Kidney abnormalities
- ● Infertility
- ● Imperforate anus: This is an extremely rare phenomenon where the rectum and the anus are abnormally formed.
- ● Endometriosis: Endometriosis can lead to painful periods. It is a condition when the tissues that should grow inside the uterus grow outside. The condition leads to excessive bleeding and pain