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Female Sexual Dysfunction

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Sexual function in humans is an essential part of life to have a quality life and species propagation. However, sexual dysfunction can lead to reduced quality of life. Female Sexual Dysfunction is a common and prevalent issue affecting almost 40% of women. Female Sexual Dysfunction becomes usual as women age and is a progressive condition. It is a medical term given to the disorder in women who experience a lack of sexual desire. Some experience it during a particular time phase, whereas some have it throughout their lifetime.

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What is Female Sexual Dysfunction?

Female Sexual Dysfunction is having persistent problems with sexual desire, response, or orgasm, or pain. Thus, this can affect sexual desires, excitement, or satisfaction since sexual responses involve an immense array of emotions, attraction, relationships, lifestyle, beliefs, experiences, and physiology. More than one approach is employed to treat this disorder.

What are the Causes of Female Sexual Dysfunction?

  • Physiological and physical: Many times, the underlying medical condition can reduce sexual desire. In conditions like cancer, kidney failure, bladder problems, one may notice a decline in keeping sexual desires alive. Certain medicines also alter the mood and hormonal levels and keep you low. Drugs like antihistamines, chemotherapy drugs, and antidepressants may make it hard for the body to reach orgasm, thus reducing the experience.
  • Hormones: Estrogen is a hormone that plays an essential role in general and sexual health in women. A decrease in the levels of estrogen reduces sexual responses. The low estrogen levels can be due to menopause, breastfeeding, and sometimes due to other drugs. Estrogen helps relax the pelvic muscles and increase genital sensation. Hence when this is lost, it leads to a painful sexual experience and leads to Female Sexual Dysfunction.
  • Social and cultural: Sexual morality is different across different religions and societies, and this can lead to anxiety and doubts in the followers leading to reduced sexual interest sometimes. The taboo and misconception prevailing around it make it hard for many to break free and enjoy it. Therefore, many may refrain from it entirely.
  • Psychological: Sexual abuse at any age and stage leaves a scar for a long time and affects emotional and sexual functions. In women, this may lead to sexual dysfunction. Bad relationships with partners and growing up in a hostile family can lead to anxiety and depression, reducing sexual desire. Also, being conscious of body image and looks can lead to this.

What are the Symptoms of Female Sexual Dysfunction?

Female Sexual Dysfunction can affect your quality of life; early detection can help you overcome it and find the right balance. Here are a few signs to identify FSD:

  • Low sex drive: The lack of sexual interest becomes evident. You might not feel like getting intimate or having sex; this is one of the most common symptoms of sexual dysfunction.
  • Difficulty in sexual arousal: You may desire to be sexual and intimate, but you may have difficulty with arousal or trouble maintaining arousal during intercourse.
  • Orgasm disorder: When you have difficulty reaching orgasm even after sufficient arousal and ongoing stimulation. The sex loses its charm, and you lose your interest, eventually.
  • Pain during sex: Due to low estrogen levels or physiological make of the body, some women have intolerable pain during sex. Women then tend to avoid sexual activity and have a less sexual inclination.

How is Female Sexual Dysfunction Diagnosed?

Your doctor will diagnose the condition based on symptoms, pelvic exam, and other tests:

  • Talk about your history and problems: Discuss the medical and sexual issues with your doctor and psychologist, and devise a treatment plan.
  • Pelvic examination: Pelvic exam helps to look for any genital tissue thinning, scars, pain, or any decrease in skin elasticity.
  • X-rays: To check for the positioning of the bone.
  • Blood test: The doctor may order a blood test to check for the underlying health issues and hormone levels. This test helps in identifying the cause and establishing a better treatment plan.

How is Female Sexual Dysfunction Treated?

Various lines of treatments are available depending on the condition that leads to Female Sexual Dysfunction. Some of them are:

  • Couples counseling: This can be helpful if you have difficulties in your relationship with your partner. You can take help from the counselor. See if you can change, and get on better terms with your partner and mend things.
  • Psychiatrist counseling: If you have a history of sexual abuse or feel the societal norms binding you, you can take up counseling and talk things out. They will provide you with exercises that can help elevate yourself and become sexually active again.
  • Changing the treatment drugs: If you are on certain medicines that pull down your mood and make sexual desires go away, you can consult your doctor and request a change of drugs; this will help elevate your mood.
  • Hormonal therapy: Though a treatment plan, the doctor may not generally advise this treatment since it has side effects. In this, you can take estrogen supplements to increase your sexual desires.

What are the Results and Risks Associated with female sexual dysfunction treatments?

Sex is an essential part of human life and leads to a happier and more satisfying life. Some women may have Female Sexual Dysfunction, and there are treatments for this. However, early detection of the root cause will help you make better choices and improve your life. Take proper steps and consult a doctor if you are facing troubles.

Risk of Surgery
Surgery is the treatment for those who have physical barriers, like a small pelvis and canals. The surgery can help you broaden it and thus make the sexual process more pain-free and smooth.
Surgeries can have lots of risks and issues involved. And since each surgery has its type and complication, you should consult your doctor for the same.

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How Often Should I Get My Pelvic Examination Done?

You can get it done after the age of 21, and it is not a routine procedure. But it can be performed whenever you are getting a health check-up done.

Is Hormone Replacement Therapy for Menopause Harmful for Women?

Hormone replacement has few side effects, and you should take it only after consulting your doctor at any age.

Does the Pain Subside by Taking Analgesics?

No, the Pelvic Pain might not subside after taking analgesics as it can be either a bone issue or a muscular issue. Consult your doctor.

How Do I Know if it is Just Mood Swings or Dysfunction?

You can confirm this by consulting your doctor. Also, see for yourself if chronically the desire is dying.

Can Having the Right Diet and Exercise be a Cure?

Right diet and exercise can elevate your hormone levels and make you feel good about yourself. It can be a cure if there are no other underlying diseases or psychological difficulties.


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