Follow Us:

Rupture of Membranes

Home Rupture of Membranes


Rupture of Membranes is generally used during pregnancy to explain the breaking of the fluid-filled sac that contains and protects the baby (amniotic sac). In colloquial language, it is known as water breaking or breaking the water. If the amniotic sac breaks before the onset of labor, it is known as premature Rupture of Membranes. Sometimes, the membranes do not rupture, and the baby is born with the sac; and this is known as en caul birth.

Request an Appointment at Smiles

What is the Rupture of Membranes?

Rupture of Membranes, in simple words, means the breakage of the fluid sac around your infant. The amniotic fluid sac plays a key role during pregnancy. This sac holds the baby in your womb. The membranes of the fluid-filled sac start to rupture generally a day before the onset of labor. The amniotic sac enables the baby to grow by maintaining an optimum temperature; it also protects the baby from injury or shock by providing a cushion. The amniotic fluid allows free movement for the baby inside the sac. If you experience rupture of membranes before the onset of labor, it is known as PROM (Prelabor rupture of membranes, also known as premature Rupture of Membranes).

As the day of labor approaches, your body prepares itself for giving birth. During labor, the membranes of the amniotic fluid sac rupture, and the water escapes through the vaginal opening. The breaking of membranes is an indication of getting into labor. In some cases, water breaks earlier than expected.

What are the Causes of Rupture of Membranes?

It commonly occurs when you get into labor. However, membranes may wear out due to physiological changes. The Rupture of Membranes is a natural process. In most cases, women give birth to a child 12 to 24 hours after breakage of membranes. An intense contraction can lead to breaking your water.

What are the Symptoms of Rupture of Membranes?

The signs of water breakage may vary from person to person. Here are some common ones you may notice:

  • ● Leakage
  • ● It may feel like you have passed urine in your pants
  • ● Slow dripping of fluid
  • ● Water suddenly leaks and stops
  • ● You can hear a sound or feel a small pop

When you notice yellow color fluid, it may not always indicate the Rupture of Membranes. It may be due to pressure exerted on your bladder by your baby in the amniotic sac. But, when you notice pale yellow or clear-fluid leakage, it indicates the Rupture of Membranes. It may be possible to confuse urine with amniotic fluid. However, urine has an acidic smell, and the amniotic liquid has no odor. In a few cases, the doctor may recommend induction of artificial rupture of membranes to induce labor. They usually do this when your cervix dilates slightly with the baby’s head engaged in your pelvis. For artificial Rupture of Membranes, the doctor may use a sterile plastic tool. He does this to exert pull until your amniotic sac ruptures.

What to do when your Water Breaks?

When you are sure about the Rupture of Membranes, immediately contact your doctor. Do not use tampons when your water breaks. The amniotic sac prevents your baby from any infection. Therefore, when your water breaks, avoid taking a shower or having intercourse. You can use a pad to deal with leakage till you reach the hospital. The doctor will examine you and suggest a further course of action to prepare you for a delivery. If your water breaks before starting the labor, a doctor may suggest labor induction to ensure a healthy delivery. In a normal pregnancy, it is advisable to wait only up to 48 hours till childbirth. More than 48 hours may increase your baby’s chance of an infection.

If you are at least 34 weeks pregnant, the doctor may ask you to be ready for delivery. However, in case of premature Rupture of Membranes (when you are between 24 to 34 weeks pregnant), you may be suggested to delay the delivery till your baby reaches the optimum stage of growth. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent any infections and maybe a course of steroids so that the lungs mature a little early in the baby. The premature Rupture of the Membrane may lead to fetal distress, preterm birth, etc. The babies born before 23 weeks of pregnancy with such an early water breakage may not survive, and if they do, they may likely suffer from physical or mental disabilities.

What is the Results of Rupture of Membranes Treatment?

Rupture of Membranes is a natural process during the term pregnancy or beginning of the labor.  Sometimes, a few women can experience premature rupture of membranes; however, there is nothing to worry about, do not panic. Seek medical attention if there are any concerns regarding PROM.

Request an Appointment at Smiles


Is Rupture of the Membrane a Natural Process?

Yes. The Rupture Of Membranes happens naturally, as it is a part of the childbirth process. You will experience labor pain, and the water breaks, which is an indication that you are now ready for childbirth.

How Much Water Do you Lose From the Amniotic Sac?

During the Rupture Of Membranes, usually, 600 to 800 milliliters (2-1/2 to 3 cups) of amniotic fluid is lost.

When should you Go to the Hospital?

Water breaking is an indication that you are entering labor. If you notice bleeding or pinkish discharge, immediately visit the hospital.

What if you Notice Greenish Color Fluid After the Rupture of the Membrane?

It may be due to the bowel movement of your child. However, immediately reach out to your healthcare expert. A doctor will assess the situation and determine the exact cause of the green discharge.

Do you Get Intense Contractions After the Rupture Of Membranes?

Yes, Rupture Of Membranes creates a pathway for your baby to come out. You may experience some intense contractions after your water breaks.


View Our Reviews
On Google

View Our Reviews
On Facebook

View Our Reviews
On Practo

View Our Reviews
On JustDial