Sacrococcygeal Teratoma is a tumor found in newborns that develops at the tailbone and is a rare tumor. These are germ cell tumors. A study suggests one in every 30,000 to 70,000 infants develops this type of teratoma. The doctor can discover and diagnose them before birth during a prenatal examination. However, the cause of SCT is unknown. Treatment, most of the time, is the surgical removal of the tumor.
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What is Sacrococcygeal Teratoma
Forms of sacrococcygeal Teratoma:
- ● Type I: In this case, the tumor is usually external to the pelvis or tailbone. This type of teratoma is generally not malignant.
- ● Type II: In this case, the tumor is usually external but may extend internally into presacral space.
- ● Type III: This kind of tumor is externally visible, located at the pelvic region extending to the abdomen.
- ● Type IV: In this case, the tumor may not be externally visible but located behind the rectum.
What are the Causes of Sacrococcygeal Teratoma?
What are the Symptoms of Sacrococcygeal Teratoma?
However, signs and symptoms of SCT depend upon multiple factors, such as the tumor size, the exact tumor location, etc. The abnormal size of the uterus may indicate a possibility of Sacrococcygeal Teratoma. The SCT grows very fast in the fetus and leads to hydrops (accumulation of the fluid in fetal compartments). If untreated, it is risky for the mother and may lead to symptoms, such as shortness of breath, edema, hypertension, etc.
In adults, small-sized tumors can be asymptomatic. However, large tumors may cause symptoms such as:
- ● Pain in the abdomen region
- ● Constipation
- ● Pain while urinating
- ● Weakness in legs
- ● Swelling and pain around the pubic region
- ● Discomfort during bowel movement
How is Sacrococcygeal Teratoma Diagnosed?
How is Sacrococcygeal Teratoma Treated?
What is the Results of Sacrococcygeal Teratoma Treatment?
What are the Risks Associated with Sacrococcygeal Teratoma treatments?
- ● Heart failure
- ● Circulatory problems
- ● Accumulation of fluids in the body
- ● Maternal mirror syndrome