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Vaginitis

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Introduction

Regardless of age, vaginitis is an extremely common condition that can affect anyone, from teens to women over 50. Researches suggest that one in three women will experience Vaginitis at least once during their lifetime.

Vaginitis refers to vagina inflammation that could be painful, itchy, and might even lead to discharge. It is caused when the normal balance of the infection and vaginal bacteria is changed. The condition is caused when the estrogen levels are reduced, especially after menopause or sometimes due to skin disorders. Experiencing vaginitis is not a severe condition but could be pretty irritating and so have to be cured at the right time.

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What are the different types of Vaginitis?

  1. Yeast infections: It is one of the common infections caused by a fungus called Candida albicans.
  2. Bacterial vaginosis: It is an infection that occurs when the normal bacteria changes and leads to the growth of different organisms.
  3. Trichomoniasis: The type of infection occurs due to a parasite that is usually transmitted through sexual intercourse.

What are the Causes of Vaginitis?

Vaginitis can be caused due to various reasons. Some of them include:

  1. Non-infections: Vaginitis is not only caused by bacteria but also due to perfumed soaps, vaginal sprays, spermicidal products, and scented detergents that could lead to a reaction to the vaginal tissues or vulvar. Sometimes, inserting foreign objects such as tampons or tissue papers could also lead to irritation.
  2. Gonorrhoea: It is an infection that commonly spreads through sex. This can also lead to vaginitis at times.
  3. Trichomoniasis: It spreads through parasites that not only increases the risk of STIs but also results in vaginitis.
  4. Genitourinary syndrome: After menopause, the estrogen levels are reduced, or if the ovaries are removed, it could lead to dryness, burning, and irritation.

What are the Symptoms of Vaginitis?

People could experience different symptoms if they get Vaginitis, some of the most common ones include:

  • ● Pain when urinating
  • ● Light bleeding or spotting
  • ● Irritation in the vagina
  • ● Color change in vaginal discharge
  • ● Odor change in vaginal discharge
  • ● Pain during intercourse

In case you observe any of the above signs, do not overlook and visit your doctor for the treatment.

How is Vaginitis diagnosed?

Once the doctor listens to your symptom, he would further diagnose the condition by reviewing your medical history (if you had any vaginal infections before). In addition to this, he would do a pelvic examination by using a speculum (instrument) to see the inside for any abnormality or inflammation. He might even collect the discharge and send it to the laboratory to know if it is vaginitis or any other infection. Sometimes, the doctor may go for pH testing by applying a paper or a stick—this confirms if you have Vaginitis or other vaginal trouble.

How is Vaginitis Treated?

Here are the following ways through which vaginitis could be treated. However, not every treatment works for everyone. The doctor will suggest a treatment based on the severity of the condition.

  1. In case the Vaginitis occurred due to laundry detergents, chemical soaps, sprays, or sanitary products, it is better to avoid those products for a while and notice the change. If you see a positive change, then you need not take any medications.
  2. If the doctor finds Vaginitis due to bacterial vaginosis, he may prescribe medicines such as clindamycin, metronidazole, and metronidazole. The medication includes gel, cream, and capsule. However, you should take them only when the doctor confirms the case and prescribes.
  3. In case you are diagnosed with Trichomoniasis, you may have to take tinidazole or metronidazole.
  4. If you are diagnosed with yeast infections, you would be given tioconazole, butoconazole, miconazole, and clotrimazole. Only the doctors prescribe these medicines based on the condition of Vaginitis. In case another infection is diagnosed, you would be given other medications.

What is the Results of Vaginitis Treatment?

Vaginitis is not a threatening or severe condition, so you need not worry if you suffer from its symptoms. However, once you notice the signs, you need not overlook or hide or get embarrassed. All you have to do is consult your doctor, be open and disclose whatever you see and experience, so that the doctor can diagnose the condition and help you with the treatment. After starting on the medicines, you can be relieved in three to four days.

How is Vaginitis Prevented?

Here are a few ways by which you can prevent the condition:

  • ● Make sure to keep the vaginal area dry and clean.
  • ● Do not use any chemical products in the area. Your vagina gets cleaned on its own, and no products have to be used.
  • ● It is better to eat yogurt often as it prevents various infections.
  • ● Wear light and comfortable clothing.

Conclusion

The moment you think you have a vaginal infection, do not worry at all as it can be treated. All you need to do is visit your doctor.

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FAQ's

Will Vaginitis Disappear On its Own?

In case the vaginal infection is mild, and you experience irritation or itchiness only some times of the day, then there are chances that it can go on its own. However, in case your symptoms are experienced for a few days, it is better that you consult your doctor and do not ignore the condition.

Will Vaginitis Spread by Any Chance?

No, the condition will not spread by intercourse or by any other means. Hence, you need not worry if you or any of your friends or family members have Vaginitis.

How to Figure out the Type of Vaginitis?

It is not easy for you to know the type of Vaginitis you have. Your doctor may diagnose the type by performing a pH test and by testing your vaginal discourse.

How Does Vaginitis Smell?

You will get a foul smell from your vagina if you have Vaginitis. In addition to this, the discharge would be white or grey.

Do We Need Surgery to Treat Vaginitis?

No, no surgery is required if you have Vaginitis. Medicines, gels, and creams are enough to treat the condition. And it takes only a few days to cure the condition.

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