Follow Us:

Yeast Infection

Home Yeast Infection


Candida is a type of fungus that is naturally present in our bodies. It is present in small amounts around our mouth and vagina but this fungus does not harm us. However, when there is a suitable warm and moist environment available, it may start multiplying and cause Yeast Infection.

Yeast Infection (vaginal) or candids is a common condition found in women. It is caused due to the overgrowth of candida in your vagina.

It can cause intense itching in the area affected and may require immediate treatment.

Yeast Infection (vaginal) can occur in any woman irrespective of whether or not they are sexually active. It is not classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) but it can spread through sexual contact.

Request an Appointment at Smiles

What are the Causes of Yeast Infection?

The causes of a Yeast Infection (vaginal) are:

  • High sugar levels: The fungus that causes yeast infection feeds on sugar. Hence, high sugar levels in the body may cause an overgrowth of candida in the body.
  • Weakened immune system: A weakened immune system due to HIV or any other immune disorder can cause yeast infections.
  • Increased hormone levels: A sudden surge in the estrogen levels due to pregnancy or hormone therapy may also cause it.
  • Antibiotics: Antibiotics used to treat bacterial overgrowth may also kill the good bacteria present in the vagina. This may put off the bacterial balance in the vagina and cause an infection.
  • Oral contraceptives: Oral contraceptives and birth control pills may disrupt your estrogen levels and make way for fungal infections.
  • Unsafe sex: Having unsafe sex with a partner who has a yeast infection may also cause it.
  • Douching: Women who douche regularly are at greater risk, as douching may decrease the pH of your vagina.
  • Pregnancy: The continuous hormone changes in pregnant women may cause them to develop yeast infections (vaginal).

What are the Symptoms of Yeast Infection?

The symptoms of a Yeast Infection (vaginal) are:

  • Burning and itching: You may feel a slight burning or itching in your vulva or inside your vagina
  • Swelling and redness: You may feel redness and swelling in the outside of your vagina
  • Vaginal discharge: You may see a watery or a thick white-coloured discharge coming out of your vagina
  • Vaginal pain: Your vagina may feel sore or you may have pain while urinating
  • Painful intercourse: Due to the swelling and itching, intercourse may feel painful

How is Yeast Infection Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of Yeast Infection (vaginal) are:

  • Medical history: The doctor will ask the patient questions regarding their sexual and medical history.
  • Physical exam: The doctor will visually examine the external parts of the vagina. He may also insert a speculum to examine the internal walls of the vagina and the cervix.
  • Test vaginal secretions: The doctor may test the vaginal secretions to identify the type of fungus causing the infection.

How is Treated?

The doctors prescribe the treatment options based on the severity of the yeast infection.

For mild-to-moderate infections

  • Short-term vaginal therapy: The doctor may prescribe medications like antifungal drugs and ointments for three to seven days.
  • Single-dose medication: For mild infections, they give a single dose of fluconazole to the patient. For more complicated infections, they may prescribe two single doses of fluconazole.

For severe cases

  • Long-term vaginal therapy: For complicated vaginal yeast infections, strong antifungal medicine for up to two weeks may be prescribed.
  • Azole resistant treatment: Boric acid might be used if the infection does not resolve within two to three weeks. A boric acid tablet may be inserted into the vagina to get rid of the fungus. This type of treatment is prescribed only when antifungal medicines don’t work.

What is the Results of Yeast Infection Treatment?

A Yeast Infection (vaginal) is a common condition and can be treated. However, it is necessary to practice good hygiene and take all the necessary medications to avoid recurrence.

What are the risks associated with Yeast Infection Treatment?

The following risks are associated with the treatment of Yeast Infection (vaginal) through antifungal medicines:

  • ● Diarrhoea
  • ● Headache
  • ● Rash
  • ● Burning or soreness in the area applied
  • ● Liver or kidney damage
  • ● Nausea

Request an Appointment at Smiles


Can Yeast Infections Go Away on Their Own?

Sometimes a mild Yeast Infection may disappear on its own. However, most of the time a medical treatment will be required.

Can STDs be Mistaken for Yeast Infections (Vaginal)?

Yes, STDs like chlamydia and gonorrhoea may be mistaken for Yeast Infections as they have similar symptoms.

How is Bacterial Vaginosis Different from a Yeast Infection (Vaginal) ?

An overgrowth of candida is responsible for Yeast Infections. However, bacterial vaginosis is caused due to an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina.

What are the Preventive Measures for Vaginal Yeast Infections?

The following pointers may help to prevent vaginal Yeast Infections:

  • ● Avoid wearing tight underwear or pantyhose to prevent the fungus from growing.
  • ● Douching can badly disrupt the pH of your vagina. Hence, it’s advisable to avoid douching.
  • ● Avoid scented feminine products like pads, tampons, or soaps as they may also decrease the pH of your vagina.
  • ● Consuming a diet that is less in sugar can help prevent the overgrowth of candida in your body.
  • ● Wash your vagina with warm water and use mild unscented soap.

What Happens if a Yeast Infection is Left Untreated?

If we leave a Yeast Infection untreated, the following complications may arise:

  • ● An untreated Yeast Infection may cause rashes and tears in the skin.
  • ● The patient may feel weak and tired due to the infection.
  • ● The Yeast Infection may spread to other parts of your body like your mouth, eye, or heart and cause problems.
  • ● The Yeast Infection may interfere with your pregnancy, and you may also pass the infection to your baby.

Can Probiotics Cure a Yeast Infection (Vaginal)?

Probiotics consist of lactobacillus that help maintain the pH level of the vagina. It also prevents yeast and bad bacteria from growing and stops the spread of Yeast Infections.


View Our Reviews
On Google

View Our Reviews
On Facebook

View Our Reviews
On Practo

View Our Reviews
On JustDial